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Gaiole in Chianti

HOME ROUTES GAIOLE IN CHIANTI
 

Inhabitants 2,580, altitude m 360.
Agricultural center encircled from cultivated hills and vineyards. All its territory is comprised in the Chianti Classic. From Florence covering the section of superhighway Florence Certosa-S. Donated (Km 22) and continuing for others 36 kilometers. From Florence the civil servant 222 “Chiantigiana” with shunting line for Radda in Chianti (Km 61 can itself also be taken (to Bridge to Ema)), or the road that gives Galluzzo passes for Greve in Chianti (Km 63). From Siena he is raggiungibile through the civil servant 408 (Km 30).

Using the Freeway of the Sun it is necessary to exit to the casello of Valdarno (Km 22).


History and monuments in Gaiole in Chianti

The image that is evidenced at the end from one of the maps of the Captains of going back Guelfa part of the 1500's indicates the city structure and the role of Gaiole in the economy of the zone. And mercata them (a place of exchanges and center of market) and such remains to our days. Place to the feet of the valico that scavalca the Mounts of the Chianti towards the Valdarno and in the middle of a densely polulated zone in the high parts, Gaiole constitutes from always place of exchange of goodses, animals. Like market, it appears in the single documentation in 1215: but sure its origin goes back to times precedence, when the structure of the economy curtense goes in crisis and, for the increase of the population, new lands and coltivation. In this period the mainly devoted centers to the exchange are three: Greve, Mercatale Val di Pesa and Gaiole, whose city structures are relatively similar also varying in the dimensions. The medioevale market to Gaiole constitutes a moment of encounter with the commerce for the inhabitants of the height villages as You concern some, Barbischio, Meleto, and place of sale also for the monks of Coltibuono. Naturally in time of peace the inhabitants of the Sienese territory flow at the market also. The news is not many committees to we of Gaiole. Already at the end of XIII the century it had to be one center stablily inhabited if the Terziere of the Alloy of the Chianti is called exactly “of Gaiole”, whose name appears the first turns in a donation of marquis Ugo to the Abbey of Poggibonsi - 998. (In the document the place appears like Villa of Joyful).

The Terziere di Gaiole is the administrative center of 19 “polulates”, while the religious center remains to Spaltenna, ancient center of the plebana church, until 1709 is interesting to notice that in the Charter of Lega (or better, in the reform of the Charter of 1444) the notary public obligates itself to reside for six months to Gaiole; to demonstration that the center already had grown or of importance that of population. Gaiole has not never had its cerchia defensive building. Anyway in the Charter of the Alloy the main centers of the Chianti are called: Castle of Radda, the Castellina, village of Gaiole. In the relation of the Granduca Peter Leopoldo of 1773, Gaiole comes so described: “To Gaiole, little one village, there is customs for the Sienese step that it is a small object.24 December is a large fair of pigs that is much large store for the Chianti being to you very many ghiandio”.

In the Church of S. Sigisniondo, modern neogotica construction, was conserved, until 1927, representing a Gueffa Part the table of Niccolò di Peter Gerini (now in the National Pinacoteca of Siena) representing a Crocifissione with Saint Francesco, of giottesca school (second half of the 1300's). The historical center has conserved its structure in some rooms.

See also:
Images of Gaiole in Chianti
Events at Gaiole in Chianti: "L'Eroica"
Photogallery "L'Eroica"
Event of september at Gaiole in Chianti "Settembre gaiolese"
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